10 Coldest Deserts In The World:- The word desert is actually derived from the Latin language, which means – Land worthless or weathered land. You will be shocked to know that in the world there are such deserts, which are almost completely covered with fog and a thick sheet of ice. Here snow falls wholly the year. Usually, the temperature in summer is around 15 to 20 degrees Celsius, while in the winter it falls below -25 to -45 degrees Celsius. Antarctica and Greenland are similar deserts.
Antarctica is considered to be the coldest and desert in the world. In Antarctica, the temperature reaches -50 degrees. Only 2 percent of this dessert is plateau on land, while 98 percent is covered with a thick ice sheet, which is why it is deserted. There are some areas of Antarctica where there have been no rains for about 40 million years. So let’s came on our topic and talk about Top 10 Coldest Deserts In the World.
Coldest Deserts In the World
In Asia, Gobi covers the area of Mongolia as well as southern and western part of China. Being situated on the enormous plateau, high altitude is one of the major factors for its cold temperature. The seasonal temperature that changes on the land is due to Serbian moves.
The Gobi is a cold desert, with frost and occasionally snow occurring on its dunes. Besides being quite far north, it is also located on a plateau roughly 910–1,520 meters (2,990–4,990 ft) above sea level, which contributes to its low temperatures.
Greenland is the world’s largest non- continental and coldest desert. It is famous for having the largest national park in the world, the Northeast Greenland National Park. The temperature of Greenland remains between -7.78°- -3.88° Celsius. Greenland is on the second number in our list of Top 10 Coldest Deserts In the World.
The Arctic circumscribes the North Pole of the world and extends into several regions including Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Finland, Sweden, and Russia.
Franz Joseph Islands have been covered by ice to eighty percent, up to forty percent by the northern island of Novaya Zemeemia, and Ushakov Island is almost entirely icy. Northern land (island) is covered by twenty-five percent twenty-five snow shields.
4. Great Basin
The Great Basin Desert is the largest desert in America, which is approximately Spreaded in 4,09,000 squre km area. This dessert is spread between ‘Oregon’, ‘Idaho’, ‘Nevada’, ‘Utah’, ‘Yerring’, ‘Colorado’ and ‘Californian’ states.
Great basin is the accommodation for several basins like Chalfant, Hammil, and Queen valleys. It is the largest desert in the US and lies between the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada snowy mountain range.
Namib is located in southern Africa and is known for its cold temperature. The reason behind cold temperature is its location along the coast of Benguela current. For the last 8 crore years, this desert has been dry or semi-arid.
The width of this dessert is about 160 km And length is 1300 km. The sand dunes here are unstable. Out of the total dunes of this desert, ‘Star dunes’ is about 10 percent. The annual rainfall of around 15 mm Remains less than The main source of moisture is the fog of the coastal area.
6. Turkestan desert
The desert lies in the region of central Asia. Turkish people used to live here. The cold desert is also home to gerbils, tortoises, and gazelles.
Turkestan Desert is a cold desert and has long winters. Temperature fluctuates between -2 to 4 degrees Celsius in the winter and 20-26 degrees Celsius during the summer. In the ancient times, caravans traveling through the Silk Route from China passed through the Turkestan desert to the Mediterranean Sea.
Antarctica is considered as the driest, windiest and coldest continent in the world. In fact, the world’s coldest temperature was recorded at Vostok Station in 1983. The reason behind its weather is landmass elevation and ocean temperatures.
There is considerable difference in Arctic (North Pole) and Antarctica (southern pole). The most important difference is that in Antarctica, there is six times more ice than the Arctic. This is because Antarctica is a continent, while the Arctic region is primarily an ocean. The average thickness of Antarctica ice is 1.6 kilometers. Most of Antarctica’s continent is made up of mountains with peaks.
Atacama desert is situated in South America. It is considered as the driest and non-polar desert in the world. It is also noticed that the Atacama desert has been described as very similar to Mars’ surface.
Atacama desert is very old desert. Atacama desert is famous for his seasons. This Desert is a coastal desert located in northern Chile. The average coastal width of this desert is less than 160 km and its length is approximately 960 km. There is abundance of saline rocks in the Atacama desert. This is a plateau area, which is without precipitation. Most of the area here is composed of saline donors, sand and lava flows.
9. Dasht-e Kavir
Dasht-e Kavir desert is situated in Iran. The Dasht-e Kavir desert is famous for its marshes and seasonal lakes due to the runoff from nearby mountains. Sandstorm is very common in this area and can form a mound that reaches up to 40 meters in height. Dasht-e Kavir desert is on the 9th number in our list of Top 10 Coldest Deserts In the World.
The Taklamakan desert lies within the rain shadow of Himalayas. There is claypan dotted throughout the area which gave rise to oasis towns when merchant caravanette traveled the Silk Road.
Taklamakan Desert is located in the Jinjiang province of western China. This is China’s largest desert, which is extremely dry as well as the most warm. In this area salt is found in a large area. The sand dunes found in the Taklamakan Desert are temporary. Here the vegetation grows in very small quantities.
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It would not be wrong to say that life in these cold deserts is very difficult, yet there are some creeping creatures and polar bears besides some tree plants. In such deserts, some parts of Atacama, Gobi, Great Basin, Leh, Lakh, Kargil, Siachen, Lahul-Spiti, and Chamba come. Atacama desert is one of the driest areas in the world and this area is the area of soil, stone, and sand. Here sodium nitrate is found, which is used to make gunpowder. Gobi desert is surrounded by stones. There is also evidence in history that it was a part of the Mongolian Empire and in the 13th century, Genghis Khan crossed it.